Phencyclidine Dot Org

All About Phencyclidine, Also Known As PCP

Prescription drug Abuse has become prevalent in many parts of the United States and the world at large. This is mainly due to the highly addictive nature of some of these drugs, coupled by their availability. With this realization, the prescription and use of quite a large number of drugs has been controlled, while the development of others has been halted. This is exactly what has happened to phencyclidine.

Also known as PCP, phencyclidine is a disorientation or dissociative medication that was previously used as an anesthetic that also produces neuro-toxic and hallucinogenic effects. In fact, the drug is said to be more lethal than other classes of hallucinogens. These days, the drug is only produced for veterinary purposes. Its human application in medical institutions was considered unsuitable, mainly due to the adverse effects it produces, such as hallucination, disorientation, delirium and mania as well as its extended half-life in the human body. While the drug’s initial psychoactive effects last for only a few hours, the drugs can only be totally eliminated from the body after 8 days.

Phencyclidine is available in both liquid and powder forms and can be abused by smoking, snorting, oral consumption or even by intravenous injections. In the case of smoking, the drug is sprayed on leafy materials or substances such as mint, cannabis; ginger leaves, parsley and oregano, and then dried and smoked.

Phencyclidine Side Effects

Like many other substances, the prolonged consumption of the drug leads to physical and chemical dependence after the functioning of the central nervous system has been altered. This happens when the dependence of the body on its own functioning is hampered and is replaced by dependence on these drugs. In such instances, the individual experiences intense cravings and therefore seeks the drugs compulsively. With continued use of the drugs, the body grows accustomed to having certain amounts of the drug in the system. This results in a progressive decrease in the drug’s effectiveness. Such instances compel the individual to increase the doses just to regain or recapture the effects they experienced earlier, which traps them in an addiction cycle.

There are variations in the side effects of the drugs, depending on the dosage taken. In the case of small doses, the drugs produce behavioral effects such as numbness and intoxication which in extreme cases is characterized by slurred speech, unsteady gait, and bloodshot eyes, as well as impaired balance. Moderate doses induce anesthesia and analgesia, while high doses may lead to convulsions.

The drugs may also have psychological effects which include depersonalization, severe modification in the body image as well as loss of ego boundaries. In many cases, hallucinations, euphoria, confusion and delirium are also reported. Phencyclidine is known to modify the mood states unpredictably, causing some people to be animated while others are detached.

Serious Phencyclidine Abuse Side Effects

  • Nausea
  • Drooling
  • Vomiting
  • Dizziness
  • Blurred vision
  • Loss of balance
  • Reduced respiration
  • Flicking eyes up and down

High phencyclidine doses may also result in seizures, convulsions, coma and death.

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